The qualifications of a judge fall into two quite distinct categories: (1) legal and (2) professional and personal.
The Constitution of Maryland specifies those in the first category (Art. I, § 12; Art. IV, § 2). The legal qualifications for appointed judges are:
- U.S. and Maryland citizenship.
- Registration to vote in State elections at the time of appointment.
- Residence in the State for at least five years.
- Residence, for at least six months next preceding appointment, in the geographic area where the vacancy exists.
- Age of at least 30 at the time of appointment.
- Membership in the Maryland Bar.