Maryland Courts

Criminal Cases

Which Court?

The District Court hears most cases involving motor vehicle violations, misdemeanors, and certain felonies. Circuit Courts hear cases involving serious felony crimes, and all jury trials.

Someone committed a crime against me, how do I file charges?
  1. File a police report - File a report with your local police department. If the police file charges, the court and Office of State’s Attorney will become involved automatically.

    OR

    File charges with a commissioner - If the police don’t file charges, you may file an Application for Statement of Charges on your own with a District Court commissioner. You cannot change your mind about filing the charge.

  2. Summons or arrest – If the commissioner determines that there is probable cause based on your application, he or she will issue a charging document. The commissioner will issue either a summons for the defendant to appear in court at a later date, or a warrant for the arrest of the defendant. The appropriate law enforcement agency will receive the document. Law enforcement will either serve the summons on the accused person, or arrest him or her.

  3. Trial - You may be required to appear as a witness. If you don’t appear on the date set by the court, the police can arrest you for failing to obey a court order.
I was arrested for a crime, what happens next?
You can view a flowchart of what happens in a criminal matter at the Maryland Crime Victims' Resource Center.
I have a criminal record. Can I get my records "cleared?"

The process for removing information from a criminal record is called "expungement." For more information, see Expungement.


 

A misdemeanor is a minor criminal offense (other than a felony or an infraction) punishable by a fine, imprisonment, or both.

A felony is a serious criminal offense, punishable by imprisonment for more than one year or death.